Nandrolone is an anabolic steroid with some androgenic properties. It is usually given as the decanoate ester in the form of oily intramuscular injections. The hexyloxyphenylpropionate, propionate, phenylpropionate, and undecylate esters have also been used.
Doses of nandrolone decanoate 25 to 100 mg once every 3 to 4 weeks have been used as an anabolic after debilitating illness, for postmenopausal osteoporosis, and for postmenopausal metastatic breast carcinoma. Doses of between 50 and 200 mg weekly have been suggested for the treatment of anaemia of chronic renal failure, and doses of 50 to 150 mg weekly for aplastic anaemia.
Nandrolone sodium sulfate has been used topically in the treatment of corneal damage.
Nandrolone cyclohexylpropionate, laurate, and phenylpropionate are used in veterinary medicine.
Nandrolone, like other anabolic compounds, has been abused by athletes and bodybuilders. However, controversy has arisen over the methods used to detect abuse in the former group, and there is some evidence that metabolites of nandrolone may be produced endogenously.